The making of Modal Fabric from Beech Tree to final goods

Modal Fabric: Why People Love This Sustainable Wonder Material (2023)

Modal Fabric. I’ll admit, I was as intrigued and I was confused.

A fabric from trees? Now that’s something to explore.

“I love trees, how can this be an organic solution?”

Here we go – plunging into the roots of Micro Modal, uncovering an innovative and sustainable wonder material.

Trust me, it’s more than just a trend; it’s a revolution, and I’m here to take you through it all.

Modal Fabric: What is Modal? Sustainability, Pros, and Cons

Beech trees? You mean, those giant leafy wonders? How?

The path from these glorious, towering trees to the soft, luxurious fabric that is Modal seemed like it might not be an eco friendly alternative.

But as I dug deeper, the mystery started to unravel.

From Trees to Textile: The Making of Modal

Modal fabric is a bio-based wonder created from the cellulose of beech trees. Picture this: wood chips from the beech tree are turned into pulp.

This pulp undergoes a chemical process, turning it into fibers.

These fibers are then spun into yarn, ready to be woven into fabric.

The fabric is so soft, so smooth, you won’t believe it was ever a tree.The Sustainability Factor: Why Modal is a Winner

Sustainability is a Modal core principle.

Unlike traditional cotton, which can guzzle water like there’s no tomorrow, Modal uses 10-20 times less water in its production.

Plus, since it comes from beech trees, which regrow naturally, it’s a renewable resource.

That’s not all; the chemicals used in its production are often recycled, making it a closed-loop process.

It’s like Mother Nature herself designed this fabric.
Cheap vs Sustainable: The Modal Difference

Now, you might be wondering, “Why not just go for the cheaper option?” And I get that.

But that means cutting corners, environmentally speaking.

Traditional fabrics might not be sourced sustainably/ethically, leading to more harm.

Modal takes the eco-friendly route, offering a fabric that looks good, feels good, and does good.

It’s the fashion trifecta we’ve all been waiting for.
Organic and Luxurious: The Modal Experience

Imagine a fabric so soft, so luxurious, it’s like a second skin.

✔️ Drapy
✔️ Flowy
✔️ Silky Texture
✔️ Breathable
✔️ Gentle
✔️ Organic
✔️ Chemical Free

Modal is the future, especially for textile manufacturers.

How Is Modal Fabric Manufactured?

The beautiful transformation: From Tree to a Fabric.

The processing of Modal Fabric from Beech trees to final good.

1. The Source: Beech Trees

Found mostly in Europe, these trees are the backbone of modal fabric.

Their cellulose – a natural polymer found in the walls of plant cells – is the raw material from which modal cloth is crafted.

These trees don’t just provide us with a sustainable source for modal material,

but they grow quickly,

naturally replenishing forests and maintaining a balanced ecosystem.

2. Turning Wood into Pulp

Once harvested, the beech trees undergo a process called ‘pulping’.

It’s here that the wood is transformed into a pulp, which is the first step in moving from tree to textile.

This process uses significantly less water than traditional materials, crafting modal fabric that stand out as an eco-friendly alternative.

3. From Pulp to Fiber

This wood pulp is then pushed through tiny nozzles, creating what can be best described as raw modal fibers.

These modal fibers, even in their nascent form, start to exhibit some of the characteristics modal is known for: strength, softness, and adaptability, meaning they have tons of uses.

4. Spinning Tales and Yarns

The raw fibers are not yet the modal material we wear.

They undergo spinning, where they’re transformed into yarns.

Whether it’s a modal shirt fabric, bed sheets, or modal underwear, the spinning process determines the texture and strength of the final product.

5. Dyeing and Weaving

Once spun, the yarn is dyed using eco-friendly dyes, giving life to vibrant hues and subtle shades.

This yarn is then woven or knitted to create modal clothing material that feels like a dream against the skin…

And the fabric resists pilling!

6. Modal’s Many Faces

Throughout its manufacturing journey, modal fabric can be combined with other materials, giving rise to variants like cotton modal fabric, tencel modal, modal rayon fabrics, or modal polyester fabric.

Each blend offers its unique touch, combining the best of modal with the characteristics of its partner fabric.

7. Modal’s Quality Check

Before making its way to your wardrobe, make sure you’re getting Lenzing Modal.

Lenzing Modal undergoes tough quality checks.

In essence, modal fabric is not just a material; it’s a testament to human ingenuity and nature’s generosity.

History of Modal Fabric

This contemporary marvel has revolutionized the world of textiles.

So, what is modal material, and how did it emerge as a favored choice for modern-day clothing?

The story of modal fabric starts in Japan during the 1950s.

Scientists, aiming to develop an alternative to cotton and traditional rayon, began experimenting with cellulose from beech trees.

Their objective was clear: to harness the sustainability of beech trees and transform it into a textile that could match, if not surpass, the comfort of cotton.

Through rigorous research, they succeeded in creating a semi-synthetic fabric, termed ‘modal’, a textile that seamlessly blended the charm of natural materials and the innovation of modern technology.

The modal fabric definition, in essence, encapsulates a bio-based textile derived from spinning reconstituted beech tree cellulose.

In its early days, modal fabric was rare.

But as environmental consciousness grew globally, its eco-friendly attributes started to shine through.

The modal textile consumed significantly less water compared to conventional cotton.

Not only that, but when blended with other fabrics, like cotton modal fabric or modal rayon fabric, it combined the best of both worlds, offering unparalleled softness and durability.

The ’70s and ’80s saw modal cloth seep into everyday clothing lines. From modal shirt fabric to luxury undergarments, its versatility was being recognized and celebrated.

Soon, the material’s softness became synonymous with luxury, and it was easy to see why.

Draped over the skin, modal clothing material felt like a gentle caress, breathable and infinitely comforting.

The 21st century heralded the age of fast fashion, where the demand for sustainable and high-quality textiles peaked.

Modal polyester fabric and other blends became popular for their minimal environmental footprint and their luxe feel.

The question of “what is modal clothing fabric” was now being asked not out of ignorance, but from a place of admiration and intrigue.

A semi synthetic fabric that started as an experiment has now carved a niche for itself, speaking volumes of its unmatched quality and the visionaries behind it.

Modal’s history is a blend of ambition, innovation, and nature’s timeless beauty, woven together to craft the future of sustainable clothing.

Is Modal Fabric Sustainable?

Unlike other trees used in textile production, beech trees grow naturally and require minimal intervention or artificial resources.

This sets the stage for a green beginning.

Now, the journey from a towering beech tree to the fine threads of a modal cloth is where things get interesting.

The modal fabric definition tells us it’s a type of rayon, but what sets modal apart from its cousins like viscose is the process involved.

Here’s a closer look:

  1. Less Water Consumption: While traditional textiles, like normal cotton, guzzle down vast amounts of water, modal textile is remarkably more efficient.

    Remember the analogy of modal being as thirsty as a cactus?

    It’s not far from the truth.

  2. Eco-friendly Chemical Use: The chemicals used to convert beech tree cellulose into soft, luxurious modal clothing material are not only less harmful but are also often recovered and reused, minimizing waste and environmental damage.

  3. Biodegradability: As a semi synthetic fabric, it is biodegradable. Meaning when something made of pure modal reaches the end of its life, it won’t linger for centuries in landfills. It breaks down, returning to the earth.

  4. Blends and Choices: While pure modal is a marvel, blends like cotton modal fabric bring together the best of both worlds. But here’s a caveat – it’s essential to ensure the cotton is organic or sustainably sourced, or we might be diluting modal’s green credentials.

  5. Energy and Emissions: The production of modal fabric, particularly when compared to synthetic textiles, uses less energy.

    Plus, with responsible manufacturers taking charge, emissions are continuously being reduced, making the modal fabric manufacturing process and other modal garments greener choices.

Not all modal is created equal, though.

Opting for brands and products that carry certifications like GOTS ensures you’re getting genuinely sustainable modal.

How Much Does Modal Fabric Cost?

When you dive into the world of fabrics, you quickly realize that not all textiles are priced equally.

Modal fabric, with its silky touch and sustainable origins, is usually pricier than traditional cotton, but the durability and luxurious feel of modal material justify the price.

Modal Fabric Pros and Cons

Diving into the world of fabrics, I’ve discovered that just like every superhero has its kryptonite, every textile has its strengths and weaknesses. So, let’s uncover the pros and cons of modal fabric.


  1. Soft and Silky Touch: There’s no denying it; modal material feels luxurious against the skin. Often likened to silk, its smooth texture is hard to resist.

  2. Breathability: Thanks to its unique cell structure, modal fabric offers excellent moisture-wicking properties, making it ideal for summer wear or active clothing.

  3. Durability: Modal textile is known for retaining its shape and softness even after multiple washes, giving it an edge over traditional cotton.

  4. Eco-friendly Production: The modal fabric definition itself alludes to sustainable practices, leveraging the pulp of beech trees and closed-loop production methods.


  1. Cost: Due to its eco-friendly and meticulous production process, modal fabric can sometimes be pricier than other common textiles.

  2. Care: While durable, modal clothing material does require specific care to maintain its premium look and feel.

Modal Fabrics Certifications

Key certifications include GOTS and OEKO-TEX.

Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)

The FSC plays a pivotal role in ensuring the beech trees used for modal are sustainably harvested.

By certifying forests and ensuring responsible management, the FSC ensures your modal cloth isn’t harming the planet.

It’s the seal of approval to look for when hunting for genuine eco-friendly modal products.

How to care for modal fabrics

Your modal fabric shirt needs proper care to if you want it to last. While modal is robust, it does have its care nuances.

Use Oxygen-Based Bleach

Stains can be stubborn, but when dealing with modal material, it’s best to leave chlorine bleach out of the equation. Instead, embrace the gentler touch of oxygen-based bleaches. These alternatives effectively combat stains without compromising the fabric’s color or weakening its fibers. Plus, they’re often more environmentally friendly, aligning perfectly with the sustainable ethos of modal. a

Use Cold Water

Every fabric has its preferences, and when it comes to modal fabric, it’s all about the cold. Using cold water is more than just an energy-saving tip—it helps maintain the vibrant colors and integrity of your modal clothing. Warm or hot water can cause the fibers to weaken or shrink, making cold water the top choice to keep your garments looking and feeling new.

Use Wash Bags for Delicate Items

Using wash bags can protect them from wear and tear.

Not only does this extend their life, but it also ensures they remain as soft and vibrant as the day you bought them.

For a step-by-step guide on pampering your modal pieces, click here.

A sustainable alternative to modal fiber

While modal fabric is making waves in the sustainable fashion industry, there are other alternatives worth exploring.

Lyocell, for instance, is another cellulose-based fiber with eco-friendly origins.

Are modal fabrics sustainable?

Modal’s reputation as a sustainable fabric stems from its origins in beech trees and the closed-loop processes often employed in its production. But, sustainability is multifaceted.


How Does Modal Compare to Viscose and Lyocell?

The textile world can sometimes feel like a maze, especially when comparing similar-sounding materials like modal, viscose, and lyocell. Here’s a concise breakdown: All three originate from cellulose but differ in processing. Modal fabric stands out with its strength, especially when wet, and it’s often seen as more sustainable than viscose. Lyocell, on the other hand, shares many of modal’s best qualities but is processed with non-toxic solvents, giving it an eco-edge. Viscose, while soft and versatile, can weaken when wet and doesn’t always carry the same sustainability creds.

Difference Between Modal and Viscose Rayon?

Both modal fabric and viscose rayon come from cellulose, but their production processes and properties differ. While modal is often lauded for its strength when wet, viscose tends to weaken in such conditions. Modal also boasts better durability and sustainability credentials due to its closed-loop production in many cases.

Difference Between Modal and Lyocell?

On the surface, modal and lyocell might seem similar. Both are derived from wood pulp, and both are known for their eco-friendly properties. However, lyocell, often recognized under the brand name Tencel, uses a slightly different solvent in its production, which is non-toxic and recyclable. Moreover, lyocell often has a more pronounced silky sheen compared to the soft glow of modal material.

Is modal as breathable as cotton?

Cotton is prized for its breathability, and so is modal, to an extent. However, the general consensus is that 100% cotton is still more breathable than pure modal.

In most cases, synthetic fibers tend to be less breathable than other fibers made from plants.

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